1. There was a man from Rama-thaim, in the hills of Ephraim, whose name was Elkanah. He was son of Tohu, son of Jeroham, of the clan of Zuph.

2. He had two wives, Hannah and Peninnah. Peninnah had children but Hannah had none.

3. Every year Elkanah went to worship and to sacrifice to Yahweh of hosts at Shiloh. The priests there were the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phineas.

4. Whenever Elkanah offered sacrifice, he gave portions to his wife, Peninnah and to all her sons and daughters.

5. To Hannah, however, he gave the more delightful portion because he loved her more, although she had no child.

6. Yet Hannah's rival used to tease her for being barren.

7. So it happened every year when they went to Yahweh's house. Peninnah irritated Hannah and she would weep and refuse to eat.

8. Once Elkanah, her husband, asked her, "Hannah, why do you weep instead of eating? Why are you sad? Are you not better off with me than with many sons?"

9. After they had eaten and drunk in Shiloh, Hannah stood up not far from Eli, the priest: his seat was beside the doorpost of Yahweh's house.

10. Deeply distressed she wept and prayed to Yahweh

11. and made this vow, "O Yahweh of hosts, if only you will have compassion on your maidservant and give me a son, I will put him in your service for as long as he lives and no razor shall touch his head."

12. As she prayed before Yahweh, Eli observed the movement of her lips.

13. Hannah was praying silently; she moved her lips but uttered no sound and Eli thought Hannah was drunk.

14. He, therefore, said to her: "For how long will you be drunk? Let your drunkenness pass."

15. But Hannah answered: "No, my lord, I am a woman in great distress, not drunk. I have not drunk wine or strong drink, but I am pouring out my soul before Yahweh.

16. Do not take me for a bad woman. I was so afflicted that my prayer flowed continuously."

17. Then Eli said, "Go in peace and may the God of Israel grant you what you asked for."

18. Hannah answered, "Let your maidservant deserve your kindness." Then she left the temple and when she was at table, she seemed a different woman.

19. Elkanah rose early in the morning and worshiped before Yahweh with his wives. Then they went back home to Ramah. When Elkanah slept with his wife, Hannah, Yahweh took compassion on her,

20. and she became pregnant. She gave birth to a son and called him Samuel because she said: "I have asked Yahweh to give him to me."

21. Once more Elkanah went to the temple with his family to offer his yearly sacrifice and to pay his vow to Yahweh.

22. Hannah would not go along but she said to her husband, "I will bring the child there as soon as he is weaned. He shall be presented to Yahweh and stay there forever."

23. Her husband answered, "Do what seems best to you. Stay here until you have weaned the child and may Yahweh confirm your vow." So Hannah stayed behind and continued to nurse her son until he was weaned.

24. When the child was weaned, Hannah took him with her along with a three-year-old bull, a measure of flour and a flask of wine, and she brought him to Yahweh's house at Shiloh. The child was still young.

25. After they had slain the bull, they brought the child to Eli.

26. Hannah exclaimed: "Oh, my lord, look! I am the woman who was standing here in your presence, praying to Yahweh.

27. I asked for this child and Yahweh granted me the favor I begged of him.

28. Now, I think, Yahweh is asking for this child. As long as he lives, he belongs to Yahweh." And they worshiped Yahweh there.

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